TMJ Center of Los Angeles

The Two Types of Hemorrhoids: Internal and External

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Hemorrhoids are a common medical condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. These swollen blood vessels in the rectal and anal area can cause discomfort, pain, and distress. Gastroenterologists in Los Angeles are well-versed in diagnosing and treating hemorrhoids. In this blog post, we will explore the two main categories of hemorrhoids: internal and external, shedding light on their symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Internal Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum and are generally painless. Many individuals may not even be aware of their presence until they experience bleeding during bowel movements. The most common symptoms associated with internal hemorrhoids include bright red blood in the stool, itching or irritation in the anal region, and the presence of a protruding lump during bowel movements.

External Hemorrhoids

Unlike internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids form under the skin around the anus. They can be felt as a lump or swelling and may cause pain, itching, and discomfort. External hemorrhoids can be exacerbated by factors such as straining during bowel movements, sitting or standing for prolonged periods, and pregnancy.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

Several factors contribute to the development of hemorrhoids. Chronic constipation, which puts pressure on the blood vessels during bowel movements, is a common cause. Diarrhea can also lead to hemorrhoids due to the constant irritation of the rectal area. Other factors include obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, and aging.

Treatment Options

Los Angeles gastroenterologists offer various treatment options based on the severity of hemorrhoids. For mild cases, lifestyle modifications such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and incorporating regular exercise can help alleviate symptoms. Over-the-counter creams, ointments, and suppositories may provide temporary relief.

In more severe cases, minimally invasive procedures such as rubber band ligation or sclerotherapy may be recommended. Rubber band ligation involves placing a small rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply and causing it to wither away. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution into the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrink and eventually disappear.

Prevention Tips

Preventing hemorrhoids involves adopting a healthy lifestyle and practicing good bowel habits. Maintaining a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding excessive straining during bowel movements can significantly reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids. Regular exercise and avoiding prolonged sitting or standing can also help prevent their occurrence.

Understanding the difference between internal and external hemorrhoids is crucial for effective diagnosis and treatment. If you experience symptoms of hemorrhoids, it’s essential to consult a Los Angeles gastroenterologist who can provide an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment options. By incorporating preventive measures into your daily routine, you can minimize the chances of developing hemorrhoids and maintain optimal gastrointestinal health.

Remember, if you have any concerns about hemorrhoids or other digestive issues, it is always best to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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